More than 7.6 % of Latvia's employees are engaged in the transportation and storage. The importance of the transport, transit, and storage sector in terms of GDP contribution is 6.8 % in 2020.

Total Volumes of Cargo Transportation

To improve the rail connection between Central and Northern Europe and Germany, the Rail Baltica project has been launched providing a railway connection between Tallinn and Warsaw of at least 950 km (728 km in the Baltics, of them 235 km in Latvia) with a maximal speed of 240 km/h.

Latvia has three major ports - Ventspils, Riga, and Liepaja and several minor harbors such as Skulte, Mērsrags, Salacgrīva, Pāvilosta, Roja, Jūrmala, and Engure. Liepaja and Ventspils are ice-free ports.

The three major ports have been accorded favorable incentive schemes to help attract new business (80-100 % relief on direct taxes and significant discounts on indirect taxes (VAT, Excise)). Ventspils and Riga Ports are Free Ports whereas the port of Liepaja comprises a Special Economic Zone.

The Latvian road network is well-developed but further development is still in progress. The Via Baltica is the most important transport corridor, traversing Latvia in a north-south direction. Via Baltica is also a European transport corridor - route E67. It connects European cities Helsinki, Tallinn, Riga, Kaunas, and Warsaw.

Air Baltic is the largest international aviation company in the Baltic states and Riga International Airport is the main air traffic centre in this region offering regular passenger, cargo, and postal delivery to the cities of Europe and the world.

In 2022 Riga International Airport welcomed 5.4 million passengers and handled 21 115 tonnes of cargo. Riga International Airport is the leader in the Baltic States – the market share of Riga International Airport was 40 percent.

Transit and Logistics Sector Advantages

  • Latvia's geographical location between east and west, forming the EU's external border with Russia and Belarus, particularly significant for the Russian market, but also important because of the potential transit function of Far East cargo via the Trans-Siberian Railway connection to western Europe. The strategic location of the capital Riga, including its own consumer market potential, offers opportunities for development within the Baltic States and is the reason that numerous international companies have located their Baltic States' head offices there.
  • The quality and level of transport and logistics services is improving, led by large, international transport and forwarding companies, which have the ability and expertise to organise value-adding activities.
  • Road, rail, and maritime infrastructure – the transport connections for maritime cargo flows in containers.
  • Availability of skilled labour. Many employees have knowledge of several foreign languages (mostly English, Russian, German).
  • Availability of high level IT in the transport industry, with use of modern IT/data systems, Internet connections, and the development of Electronic Data Interchange. The development of technology is being stimulated by the large, international transport and forwarding companies.

Additional information

Database of Latvian exporters
Ministry of Transport of Latvia:
Latvian Association of Freight Forwarders and Logistics: 
Riga International Airport: